DARPA Wants Bio-Factories Producing Synthetic Living Parts

Despite our best efforts, humans are still not as skilled at making life as life forms are themselves. So naturally, DARPA would like to take advantage of that skill. A new program called “Living Foundries” seeks to use biology as a manufacturing platform, enabling the creation of new materials that are impossible to make today.

The goal is a factory that can produce materials on-demand, resulting in an entirely new manufacturing paradigm for the US, one based on a catalog of life’s building blocks instead of the tools of traditional industry.

Synthetic biology is already a burgeoning, promising field. Last year, the J. Craig Venter Institute announced it had created the world’s first synthetic cell, with a chromosome produced by a machine, and we’ve seen a host of other bio-engineering breakthroughs like cells that communicate like electronic circuits, artificial proteins that can sustain life.

Pshaw, says DARPA. These are “primitive” examples based on ad-hoc, laborious processes. Breakthroughs take too long, and practical results — such as microbes that can eat cancer, or algae that can make biofuel — are still too far away.

DARPA would rather let scientists make anything they want, not just modified versions of existing things, explains Technology Review. The ingredients list includes the whole periodic table.

READ MORE AT:  http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2011-06/darpa-wants-bio-factories-producing-synthetic-life-forms

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